Acne typically has a hormonal basis. Hormones like testosterone and DHEA stimulate production of sebum from sebaceous glands, Comedones form when the skin cells block off the skin pores, trapping the sebum within the pores. Growth of a bacterium, Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) can lead to inflammation and acne formation, and in more severe cases lead to pustule and cyst formations.
Depending on the severity of the acne condition, one or a combination of the following may be recommended:
It is far easier to treat active acne compared to acne scars. It is thus important not to pick on your acne, and to seek medical attention early for acne treatment when you are unable to control your acne condition well.
Typically as acne spot heals, darkened spots known as post inflammation hyperpigmentation may result. While these spots often resolved within weeks on its own, this process may be accelerated with the use of whitening creams or IPL or lasers. However in more severe acne, depressed scars may result.
The treatment would focus mainly on collagen regeneration to plump the depressed scar up closer to the level of the adjacent skin. Depending on the severity of the scars, recommended treatment may include one or a combination of the following: